Exercise Training for Stroke Survivors

An Effective Practice

Description

The Exercise Training for Stroke Survivors program is a health-promotion program to improve outcomes for urban African-American stroke survivors. The 12-week program has sessions three days a week on fitness instruction and exercise, nutrition education, and health behavior changes. The 45-70 minute exercise classes included a warm-up, aerobic activity, strength activity, and cool down. Aerobic equipment includes stationary bikes, recumbent steppers, treadmills, and cross-trainers. Introductory classes educate participants in measuring perceived exertion, using equipment safely, and understanding signs of overexertion. Nutrition classes include hands-on cooking instruction focused on low-fat, low-cholesterol food. Health behavior classes include presentations and group discussions to help participants develop goals related to stress, coping styles, family, role change, communication, exercise, healthy cooking, and nutrition.

Goal / Mission

The goal of this program is to use education and exercise improve outcomes for urban African American stroke survivors.

Results / Accomplishments

This program was evaluated using a pre- and post-test lag control group study. The intervention group made significant gains over lag controls in the following outcome measures: reduced total cholesterol (p < 0.05), reduced weight (p < 0.01), increased cardiovascular fitness (p< 0.001), increased strength (p < 0.001), increased flexibility (p < 0.001), increased satisfaction and ability to manage self-care needs (p < 0.05), and decreased social isolation (p < 0.05).

About this Promising Practice

Primary Contact
James Rimmer, PhD
Department of Disability and Human Development
University of Illinois at Chicago
1640 Roosevelt Rd
Chicago, IL 60608
(312) 413-9651
jrimmer@uic.edu
http://www.ahs.uic.edu/dhd/
Categories
Health / Heart Disease & Stroke
Health / Exercise, Nutrition, & Weight
Health / Disabilities
Organization(s)
University of Illinois at Chicago Department of Disability and Human Development
Source
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Date of publication
2000
Geographic Type
Urban
Location
Chicago, IL
For more details
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11128841?itool=...
Target Audience
Racial/Ethnic Minorities